Audrain Building Wins 2015 Doris Duke Historic Preservation Award
The Audrain Building earned a 2015 Doris Duke Historic Preservation Award. The ninth annual Doris Duke Historic Preservation Awards recognizes projects and their contributions to Newport, Rhode Island’s historic landscape and commitment to preservation and restoration of historic structures. The awards celebration will be held at Rough Point, the Newport home of preservationist and philanthropist Doris Duke, on Friday, September 11, 2015. The Doris Duke Historic Preservation Awards is a joint project of the Newport Restoration Foundation (NRF) and the City of Newport to celebrate achievements in local historic preservation.
The winning projects were chosen by a committee comprised of representatives from the NRF, the City of Newport, and individuals involved in historic preservation at the local and state levels, including: Robert Foley, Director of Preservation for the NRF; Thomas P.I. Goddard, vice chairman of the board of trustees for the NRF; Justin McLaughlin, Newport City Council; Diana Sylvaria, chairperson of the Newport Historic District Commission; and Sarah Zurier, Senior Historic Preservation Specialist at RI Historical Preservation & Heritage Commission.
Winners will also be publicly acknowledged in August at Newport City Hall. More information and tickets to the awards celebration are available by calling 401-849-7300 or at http://www.newportrestoration.org/calendar/details/42460-doris_duke_historic
Audrain Building’s Architectural Legacy
Bruce Price designed the Audrain Building in 1903. The 16,000 square-foot commercial structure represents one of four Gilded Age buildings that form an architecturally significant block on Bellevue Avenue. The three adjoining historic buildings include the Travers Block designed by Richard Morris Hunt; the Newport Casino designed by McKim, Mead, and White; and the King Block designed by Perkins and Betton.
Price drew inspiration from the Florentine Renaissance to create an iconic two-story edifice defined by broad arched windows that rise through both stories and a roofline distinguished by white terra-cotta balustrade with lion sculptures. The Audrain Building is faced in red brick with jewel toned terra cotta trim that accentuates the entry, bays and roofline. Street-level terra-cotta ornamentation is relatively restrained but increases at the arched second floor windows and cornice. The first floor was originally designed to feature six retail shops and the second floor accommodated 11 offices.
During the 20th century, a hurricane damaged the balustrade and the lion sculptures warranting their removal. Over time, the first floor retail shops transitioned into medical offices while the second floor housed many commercial tenants who made few improvements to the offices.
In November 2013, the client purchased the Audrain Building and enlisted NCA to transform the second story offices into his headquarters. The project was completed in nine months. In February 2014, the client also enlisted NCA to transform the first floor into a museum that would showcase his collection of antique automobiles. Completed in six months, the museum project was on a parallel track to designing the headquarters on the second floor.
In addition to the fast track schedule, the small site posed limitations. The building is part of a commercial block with limited service access on both the north and east sides. Staging for the construction and lifting of equipment on the roof was problematic due to the high volume of pedestrian and vehicular traffic during the busy summer months.
To replicate and replace missing terra-cotta ornamentation, rooftop balustrade and lion sculptures NCA relied on historic photographs and postcards. Structural engineering was required to bring the building up to code to accept the additional weight of the new ornamentation. All of the windows were replaced with impact resistant glass. The South elevation was originally hidden by the neighboring Ocean House Hotel. The hotel was destroyed by fire in the 19th century, which caused the unadorned South elevation to be exposed. The design team upgraded the sparse elevation with a large two story arched opening, three double-hung windows, and a new fire stair with a powder coated steel balustrade. The local Historic District required that the new South façade details be discernible to the observer by the simplification of replicated detail.
For the office interiors, the client wished to emulate an early 20th century club. The bold concept called for reconfiguring the layout to accommodate a new carrera marble lobby, custom steel caged elevator, barrel vaulted ceiling, six private offices, support-staff area, conference room, kitchen, restrooms and a 20’x20’ leaded glass skylight. The fixture incorporates LED technology with filters to mimic the look of natural daylight streaming through a traditional skylight.
The museum project entailed removing all of the existing bearing walls, shoring the structure, reinforcing the floor to accommodate triple load bearing tongue and groove Douglas fir decking, and installing powder coated steel, fire-rated trusses. All of the windows were replaced with impact resistant glass. The South elevation was upgraded with a large two story arched opening that was custom fit to allow antique cars to access the building. The museum’s interiors feature state-of-the-art LED/RGB lighting for the structural steel trusses and track LED lighting for the cars. The program also called for public restrooms. NCA used stainless steel to create custom dividers and counters.
Members of NCA’s design team include Parker Construction, Camera/ O’Neill, Lana Nathe and BETA. The cost for both the office and museum projects was $20 million. The project also earned 2014 AIA RI Awards for Commercial and Institutional Design.